Dr. Martin's notes

Thursday October 13, 2016

Developing an Emergency Action Plan (Chapter 5)

Emergency preparedness
• Athletic trainers must be properly equipped and trained for any medical crisis or disaster that may arise
• Necessary for emergency preparedness is an emergency action plan, proper coverage, emergency equipment and supply maintenance, appropriate medical personnel and continuing education

The Emergency action plan
• Written action plans deal with injuries in a systematic, logical manner that helps avoid missteps and mistakes
• The EAP should be customized to fit the needs of the organization and should be practiced and reviewed at least once every year to familiarize everyone involved with the process
• The EAP should specify needs for4 emergency personnel, communication , equipment and transportation
• Roles of emergency personnel should be clearly outlined
• All members of the AT staff are responsible for knowing and being able to implement the EAP
• Immediate care for the injured athlete should be provided by the most qualified member of the AT staff present
• One member of the staff should be assigned to activate the EMS system

Emergency equipment
• All equipment necessary to handle emergency situations must be readily available and in good working condition
• Individuals providing care to the athlete must be knowledgeable in the use and application of the equipment
Transportation
• EMS providers and an ambulance should be on standby at any event where there is a high risk of traumatic injury
• The onsite ambulance should have clear access to the site so that entering and exiting can be done without delay
• Athletes with unstable injuries should never be transported in a vehicle that is not appropriately equipped

Identifying a medical emergency

• Defined medical emergencies consist of breathing cessation, severe bleeding, no pulse, concussion with loss of consciousness, neck or spinal injury, fractures, dislocations, eye injuries, severe asthma attack, heat related illness, or any injury causing signs of shock
• Nonemergencies include injuries that do not threaten life or limb, such as abrasions, minor cuts, strains, sprains, minor concussions without LOC, contusions, etc.
• All injuries, no matter how minor, should be reported and documented