Dr. Martin's notes

Friday January 27, 2017

Electrical Modalities

Electrical modalities use electricity to influence healing by stimulating the body tissues. Like the other therapeutic modalities, electrical modalities are used to speed the healing of tissues. Because electrical modalities penetrate deeper into the tissues than other modalities/ they are among the most effective in terms of decreasing healing time. In general, low voltage stimulation is used to help control pain and high voltage stimulation is used to increase blood flow. General instructions for the electrical modalities follow, but should not be interpreted as sufficient instruction for therapeutic use in a professional environment.

Guidelines for electrical modalities
Administration of electrical modalities requires special training beyond the scope of this book. Furthermore, procedures wilt vary according to the modality and equipment used. Some general guidelines follow:

1. Follow the physician or therapist's orders for all electrical modalities.
2. Make sure the equipment is in proper working order, is plugged in, and is powered through a circuit served by a ground fault interrupter.
3. Explain the procedure to the patient.
4. Expose the area to be treated.
5. Cleanse the treatment area with soap and water or alcohol. Then dry it thoroughly. (Cleansing the patient's skin of dirt and oils will ensure proper adhesion of the electrode pads.)
6. Place electrode pads according to the manufacturer's instructions.
7. Avoid prolonged point contact when using ultrasound.
8. Follow the manufacturer's instructions for use of all equipment. Improper use may cause burns.
9. Turn the treatment channel(s) off before carefully removing the adhesive electrodes from the patient's skin.
10. Leave the treatment area clean when you are done.
11. To prevent infection and ensure safe use, follow the manufacturer's instructions for cleaning and maintaining the unit.
12. Never use an electrical modality on an open wound.