Dr. Martin's notes

Friday December 9, 2016

*Synthetic (chemical version) of vitamins will be in parenthesis

Vitamin A (retinol)- Used for night vision and for skin - Found in carrots as carotene, also found in liver, egg yolks and GLV (Green Leafy Vegetables)

Vitamin D (calciferol) - Essential for adsorption of calcium into bone. Found in Milk (fortified), Sunlight, eggs and fish liver oils. Lack of Vit D causes a disease known as RICKETS (soft bone) which makes the long bones bow out and deform.

Vitamin E (Tocopherol)- Found in most oils and some fruits and whole grains. Helps to fortify red blood cells. Protects cell membranes from destruction. A powerful anti-oxidant. (Anti-oxidants link to free radicals in the body, which recent studies have linked to many disease processes including some cancers)

Vitamin K (Phylloquilone)- Produces fibrinogen, which is the clotting substance of the blood. Found in GLV's. Lack of Vit K causes a disease known as hemophilia. Hemophiliacs will bleed much longer than normal and also bruise easily both externally and internally.

The Water Soluble Vitamins

Vitamin B1 - (thiamine) Is necessary for release of of energy from CHO, fats and proteins. (Kreb's cycle). It is found in cereals, pork, and dried beans. Because of it's effect on nerve conduction, it is often given to persons with peripheral neuropathy or loss of feeling in the extremities.

Vitamin B2 - (riboflavin) Again, necessary for release of energy from CHO, fats and proteins. Found in milk, liver, fruits and vegetables. Helps with production of skin cells and other skin problems.

Vitamin B3 - (niacin) - Is a vasodialator (opens blood vessels) and also helps in release of energy. Found in liver, meats, peanuts, legumes. When taken in normal dosage, will make the face and chest turn red (flush). Because of this it is often given in the chemical form of niacinamide or as a timed release product.

Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid)
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal, or pyridoxamine, or pyridoxine hydrochloride)
Vitamin B7 (biotin)
Vitamin B9 (folic acid)
Vitamin B12 (various cobalamins; commonly cyanocobalamin in vitamin supplements)

Other (non-essential) B Vitamins - Some are not actually vitamins

Vitamin B4: adenine, a nucleobase, is synthesized by the human body.
Vitamin B7: "vitamin I" of Centanni E. (1935)—also called "Enteral factor"—is a water and alcohol soluble rice-bran factor which prevents digestive disturbance in pigeons. It governs the anatomical and functional integrity of the intestinal tract. Later found in yeast. Possible candidates for this substance are inositol, niacin (nicotinic acid), and biotin. Carnitine was also claimed to be a candidate but is not soluble in alcohol.
Vitamin B8: adenosine monophosphate, or alternately myo-inositol, is synthesized by the human body.
Vitamin B10: para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA)
Vitamin B11: pteryl-hepta-glutamic acid—chick growth factor, which is a form of folic acid. Later found to be one of five folates necessary for humans; also known as vitamin S or factor S. L-Carnitine is called vitamin B11 in France.
Vitamin B13: orotic acid, now known to not be a vitamin.
Vitamin B14: cell proliferant, anti-anemia, rat growth, and antitumor pterin phosphate named by Earl R. Norris. Isolated from human urine at 0.33ppm (later in blood), but later abandoned by him as further evidence did not confirm this. He also claimed this was not xanthopterin.
Vitamin B15: pangamic acid
Vitamin B16: dimethylglycine (DMG)
Vitamin B17: amygdalin, nitrilosides, or laetrile. These substances are found in a number of seeds, sprouts, beans, tubers and grains. While toxic in large quantities, proponents claim that it is effective in cancer treatment and prevention.
* Vitamin B18:
* Vitamin B19:
* Vitamin B20: carnitine
* Vitamin B21:
* Vitamin B22: often claimed as an ingredient of Aloe vera extracts but also in many other foods. Claimed by one source to be vitamin B12b.
* Vitamin Bh: biotin
* Vitamin Bm: "mouse factor": also used to designate inositol
* Vitamin Bp: Choline is only required for survival of some mutants. Most commonly it is synthesized in vivo de novo. May be added as supplement especially when methionine supply is limited.
* Vitamin Bt: L-carnitine
* Vitamin Bv: a type of B6 but not pyridoxine
* Vitamin Bw: a type of biotin but not d-biotin
* Vitamin Bx: para-aminobenzoic acid