Dr. Martin's notes

Tuesday August 30, 2016

Anatomy - Day 2

Click here for Anatomical position graphic (anterior) and posterior with location terms.

Proximal = The beginning point of a bone. It grows away from this point
Distal = the endpoint of a bone.

Head = Cranial
Eyes = Orbits or Occular
Ears = Auris
Nose = Nasal
Mouth = Buccal or Oral
Front of head = Frontal
Back of head = Occipital
Sides of head = Temporal

Saggital = Same as the midline, but not necessarily dividing the body into two equal sections
Coronal = a cross cut through the body, dividing it into anterior and posterior portions

Various areas of the body have a specific term

Thorax - Chest wall - Thoracic = Front of chest
Upper extremities = Arms, hands, shoulders, scapulae, clavicals (some authors only include arms and hands)
Lower Extremities = Pelvis, legs, feet

Angular Movements

The body has movement, and this movement must be described in a method that is consistant with other health care practicioners.

Angular Movements (1)
Rotation - Left or right twisting
Flexion - Forward Bending
Extension - Backward Bending
Lateral Flexion - Left or right tilting

Pronating - to turn downward or toward the body
Supinating - to turn upward or away from the body
Abduction - to move away from the body
Adduction - to move toward the body
Circumduction - to move in a circular motion
Inversion - Moving the foot/ankle joint inward
Eversion - Moving the foot/ankle joint outward
Dorsiflexion - to flex the toes toward the leg
Plantar flexion - to extend the toes away from the leg (such as in ballet)
Elevation - to move upward (toward the head)
Depression - to move downward (or inward) toward the foot