Dr. Martin's notes

Monday August 29, 2016

Anatomy - Day 1

Attitude => Altitude
The better your attitude the higher you will go.

Professionalism starts with trust. People you will treat need to trust you.
To trust you they must have faith in you and your abilities.

People that come to you want to be:
LIKED - You are willing to take care of them
WANTED - You want to take care of them and help them
BELONG - You are the right person to help them
RECOGNIZED - They are made to feel important

MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY - Most words are Latin or Greek based
They may have a prefix (super, sub, contra) or a suffix (-ology, -omy, -ectomy) attached to the root word

ANATOMY = Study of structures
PHYSIOLOGY = Study of function

Anatomy and Physiology cannot be separated from each other. They need each other to exist

The body is described by labels of position. These anatomical positions determine where in the body things are located.
For every descriptive term there is usually a term that means the opposite

Anterior (Ventral)- Front
Posterior (Dorsal)- Back
Lateral = Toward the outside
Medial = Toward the inside
Cephalad - Toward the head
Caudal or Plantar - Toward the foot (down)

Planes of division of the body help to locate certain organs or landmarks.

Midline = down the center of the body, dividing it into half
Transverse = a cross cut across the body, dividing it into upper and lower sections
Saggital = Same as the midline, but not necessarily dividing the body into two equal sections
Coronal = a cross cut through the body, dividing it into anterior and posterior portions
Superior = the upper portion of an anatomical structure
Inferior = the lower portion of an anatomical structure
Ipsilateral = meaning the same side
Contralateral= meaning the opposite side

There are descriptions of organs and bones that relate to the skin.

Superficial = means close to the surface of the skin, just under the skin surface
Deep = farther into the body, usually at least 3/4 inch or more deep.