Dr. Martin's notes

Friday April 21, 2017

Massage Therapy & Sexual Harassment

Sexual harassment means bothering someone in a sexual way.
Sexual harassment is behavior that is not only unwelcome, but in most cases repeated.
Sexual harassment is defined from the victim’s point of view, not the harasser’s.
The goal of sexual harassment is not sexual pleasure, but gaining power over another.
Sexual harassment is against the law.

Under federal law, unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature constitute sexual harassment.
Illegal sexual harassment falls into four categories:
A. Quid Pro Quo
B. Hostile Environment
C. Sexual Favoritism
D. Harassment by Non-employees

A. Quid Pro Quo
In this type of sexual harassment, something is given in return for something else. A supervisor makes unwelcome sexual advances towards an employee and either states or implies that the victim must submit in order to keep her/his job or receive a raise, promotion, or job assignment. This has to occur only one time to be considered illegal behavior and to end up in a court case.

B. Hostile Environment
Unwelcome sexual conduct can have the effect of "poisoning" the employee's work environment. Sexually explicit jokes, pinups, graffiti, vulgar statements, abusive language, indirect sexual comments, and overt sexual conduct can create a hostile environment. These behaviors must happen with some frequency.

C. Sexual Favoritism
In this type of harassment, a supervisor rewards only those employees who submit to sexual demands. The other employees, who are denied raises or promotions, can claim that they're penalized by the sexual attention directed at the favored co-workers.